Highlights of historic Fernandina, the beaches, and coastal nature at Florida-Georgia border.

Cumberland Island National Seashore Closed Since Irma

Cumberland Island National Seashore remains closed in the aftermath of Hurricane Irma. According to the Park Service, “all visitation to Cumberland Island is suspended until further notice.” All ferry and camping reservations have been cancelled through November 1, 2017 at this writing (note that this date may be extended). UPDATE: The National Park has reopened with ferry service from St. Marys running again as of November 12, 2017.

It’s a challenging situation, but the National Park Service is working hard to get this National Seashore back open as soon as possible and safe for park visitation. The clean up effort has been underway since the Irma came through Sept. 10-11, 2017.

Sea Camp, Cumberland Island (Photo from Amelia Island Living's archives)
Sea Camp, Cumberland Island (Photo from Amelia Island Living’s archives)

Ferry Docks Damaged

The National Park ferry docks located in St. Marys, the only departure/arrival point for public ferry transportation to/from Cumberland Island National Seashore, were destroyed. An estimated 40 boats were sunk at the St. Marys waterfront (watch First Coast news video below), and the river flooded businesses and homes.

The ferry concessionaire, Calvin Lang, had wisely relocated his Cumberland Island ferry vessels to safety up the Satilla River before Irma arrived. However, an older ferry docked in St. Marys (but no longer in use), the Cumberland Queen, was sunk.

Watch this First Coast News video below, Juliette Dryer of WTLV reporting from the St. Marys riverfront (September 28, 2017):

As of September 29, 2017, the National Park Service stated:

“We do not yet know when we will be able to restore ferry service to the island. Our ferry dock in St. Marys was destroyed. We are working with local partners to determine an alternative dock to use.”

The National Park Service building that hosts the Visitor’s Center on the mainland at the St. Marys riverfront was also flooded.

Island Trails & Docks

Even if the St. Marys’ docks were OK, there are obstacles on the island itself to overcome before the National Seashore will reopen. Trails were flooded as were beach crossovers, and standing water remains in some areas. According to a source on Cumberland right after the hurricane, observations were of beach erosion from 100 to 200 feet in areas along the Atlantic seashore. On this wilderness island of amazing tree canopy, sporadic downed trees and tons of branches in trail areas and near historic buildings require removal. It will take time to clean up island trails and make them safe for visitors (like this photo of the island’s main corridor, Grand Avenue, shown before storm damage).

Cumberland Island Georgia bike riding trail through wilderness
Cumberland’s Main Sandy Road Cuts Through Wilderness

Cumberland Docks Being Assessed

Last year, in October 2016, Hurricane Matthew had damaged the arrival docks at both Dungeness and Sea Camp on Cumberland.

Dungeness Dock, photo from Amelia Island Living eMagazine archives before hurricane damage
Dungeness Dock (Photo from our archives before hurricane damage)

While Dungeness docks never reopened after Matthew, the Park Service had been able to repair and put the Sea Camp Dock back in service for ferry transportation.

Sea Camp Dock, Cumberland Island, GA
Sea Camp Dock, Cumberland Island, GA (Photo from archives)

However, as noted above, now Hurricane Irma has created new dock problems on Cumberland. According to the Park Service Facebook page, “Some additional dock damage is showing. . .the docks are being assessed.”

Possible Alternative Dock?

Reportedly, St. Marys is considering utilizing another dock located at a piece of property the city acquired a few years ago. This city-owned dock, called “the Gateway,” formerly the Gilman boathouse property, apparently escaped heavy damage. After the city acquired the property back in 2010, the boat house was torn down. The late Howard Gilman (of the now defunct Gilman Paper Company), was also the previous owner of Nassau County, Florida’s notorious conservation center for endangered species, the White Oak Plantation property in Yulee.

Plum Orchard Mansion

plum orchard mansion cumberland island national seashore photo
Plum Orchard Mansion, Cumberland Island

Some good news is that Cumberland’s restored Carnegie mansion, Plum Orchard, came through Hurricane Irma fine, with reportedly just “a little roof repair” needed. The First African Baptist Church is said to be in good shape. Overall, Cumberland’s “historic structures sustained minimal damage,” according to the NPS. Note that the privately-owned Greyfield Inn is open. Their private ferry, the Lucy R. Ferguson, is running between downtown Fernandina and Cumberland Island for the inn’s guests.

Feral Horse Population

Wild Horse Grazing on Amelia’s Northern Neighbor, Cumberland Island, GA

A top tourist attraction, some wonder how the island’s notorious “wild” horses fared during the hurricane. Word is the feral horses seemed to be unaffected by the storm.

For further status updates on the park, check the Cumberland Island National Seashore website for news “alerts.” For Cumberland Island ferry info and to book ferry reservations online, see ferry concessionaire’s website.

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