Downtown Fernandina Beach Historic District
Downtown Fernandina Historic District

Victorian Vibe

Featuring lovely Victorian-era architecture, step back in time to the simpler days of yesteryear by exploring Amelia Island’s riverfront city, Fernandina Beach. Wander around this area dubbed “downtown,” that branches out from the riverfront with central business corridor of Centre Street (pictured above).

With historic district of 50-plus blocks on the National Register of Historic Places, there’s plenty to discover downtown. Fernandina features 400-plus historic structures on the National Register of Historic Places. Gaze at historic homes, churches, and commercial buildings.

Lesesne House on Centre Street, Downtown Fernandina Historic District
Lesesne House, Centre Street, Circa 1860

With “Old Florida” ambiance and small-town feel, downtown Fernandina features pubs, restaurants, gift shops, art galleries, antiques and consignment purveyors. Also the hub of tour departures, ride in a horse-drawn carriage or a trolley and learn about local history highlights. Feel Fernandina’s relaxed vibe while strolling the charming streetscape. Enjoy a meal, coastal cocktail or craft beer.

Eat Shrimp!

 Fernandina Birthplace of Modern Shrimping Industry in America)
Fernandina, Birthplace of Modern Shrimping Industry

Fernandina is also known as the “birthplace of the modern shrimping industry in America.” Ask about availability of sweet Atlantic wild-caught shrimp when dining out locally. Learn about city’s shrimping heritage at the Shrimping Museum located at the Fernandina Marina Welcome Center, next to boat ramp downtown. History buffs will also like to explore the Amelia Island Museum of History located downtown at 233 South Third Street.

On The River

Depart Fernandina’s downtown docks on a fishing charter or take a relaxing cruise on surrounding waterways. Amelia River Cruises has a ticket booth on the waterfront for daily tours with excellent narrative of local history, spotting wildlife and a sunset cruise. Or just head to the downtown docks to linger and watch serene sunsets, a popular pastime (pictured below).

Downtown Fernandina riverfront docks sunset photo
Sunset Watch at Fernandina Harbor

Historic Landmarks

Fernandina Beach holds claim to Florida’s oldest existing lighthouse (Amelia Island Lighthouse c. 1838), the state’s oldest continually-operated drinking establishment (The Palace Saloon c. 1903), and the oldest hotel in the state of Florida (Florida House Inn c. 1857). Other key landmark buildings downtown include Centre Street’s Nassau County Courthouse c. 1891, the old train depot c. 1899, and the old post office c. 1912. Amelia Island’s historic city of Fernandina is also home to must-see attraction Fort Clinch, said to be “one of the most well-preserved 19th-century forts in America.”

Fernandina Beach, Florida, with its historic architecture, laid-back pace, and Southern hospitality is a reminder of a bygone era. And just two miles across the island from Fernandina’s downtown is the lovely Atlantic ocean coastline stretching 13 miles, lined by dunes. Browse details and photos of the top Amelia Island beach parks. You’ll see that this little sea island is a wonderful place to visit and a great place to call home!

Self-Guided Tours

Prefer to explore the downtown historic district at your own pace? Take a self-guided walking tour assisted by information/maps that can be picked up at the Tourist Council office located in the Old Train Depot on Centre Street.

Downtown Fernandina's Old Train Depot & Peg Leg Pete
Fernandina’s Old Train Depot Circa 1899

Representatives of the Smithsonian Institute previously described local life in Fernandina Beach as “one of the best examples of small town living in the U.S.” The National Trust for Historic Preservation has honored Fernandina Beach for its historic preservation. In fact, the Victorian-era seaport made the National Trust’s list of “12 top vacation destinations in the United States for historic preservation.”

Fernandina's Victorian-era Courthouse, Centre Street Historic District photo
Victorian-era Courthouse Circa 1891

Spanish Old Town Fernandina

Another historic district on Amelia Island is Old Town Fernandina, located about a mile north of the downtown historic district (off North 14th Street). Old Town’s Fernandina Plaza is also an outstanding spot to watch the sunset over the Amelia River, with its elevated setting on a high bluff above the Intracoastal Waterway.

The Captain's House (i.e. "Pippi Longstocking" House, Old Town Fernandina
Captain’s House (“Pippi Longstocking”), Old Town Fernandina

Old Town Fernandina has the distinction of being the last Spanish city platted in the Western Hemisphere (retaining the 1811 plat).

The most well-known historic home located in Old Town at the Fernandina Plaza, pictured above, is the Captain’s House. Impossible to miss when passing through Old Town, this lovely home features a high tower and gabled dormers. Besides being admired for its wonderful architecture, it has earned other notoriety. Built in 1888 by harbor pilot, James Bell, 100 years later, in 1988, the home became a movie set.

Pippi Longstocking House

The home is where scenes in the New Adventures of Pippi Longstocking movie were filmed. This vintage Old Town Fernandina home, with its place in Hollywood movie history, has been getting even more attention since it was listed for sale in March 2019.